His mother, Zilpah Wadsworth, was the daughter of a Revolutionary War hero. His father, Stephen Longfellow, was a prominent Portland lawyer and later a member of Congress.
United States Executive summary: Evangeline American poet, born on the 27th of Februaryat Portland, Maine. Longfellow's external life presents little that is of stirring interest.
It is the life of a modest, deep-hearted gentleman whose highest ambition was to be a perfect man, and, through sympathy and love, to help others to be the same. His boyhood was spent mostly in his native town, which he never ceased to love, and whose beautiful surroundings and quiet, pure life he has described in his poem "My Lost Youth.
The "tranquil bay" is Casco Bay, one of the most beautiful in the world, studded with bold, green islands, well fitted to be the Hesperides of a poet's boyish dreams. At the age of fifteen Longfellow entered Bowdoin College at Brunswick, a town situated near the romantic falls of the Androscoggin river, about 25 miles from Portland, and in a region full of Indian scenery and legend.
Here he had among his classmates, Nathaniel HawthorneGeorge B. During the latter years of his college life he contributed to the United States Literary Gazette some half-dozen poems, which are interesting for two reasons -- 1 as showing the poet's early, book-mediated sympathy with nature and legendary heroics, and 2 as being almost entirely free from that supernatural view of nature which his subsequent residence in Europe imparted to him.
He graduated inat the age of eighteen, with honors, among others that of writing the "class poem" -- taking the fourth place in a class of thirty-eight. He then entered his father's law office, though without intending to devote himself to the study of the law.
For this profession he was, both by capacity and tastes, utterly unfitted, and it was fortunate that, shortly after his graduation, he received an offer of a professorship of modern languages at Bowdoin College.
In order the better to qualify himself for this appointment, he went to Europe May 15th, and spent three and a half years traveling in France, Italy, Spain, Germany, Holland and England, learning languages, for which he had unusual talent, and drinking in the spirit of the history and life of these countries.
The effect of Longfellow's visit was twofold. On the one hand, it widened his sympathies, gave him confidence in himself and supplied him with many poetical themes; on the other, it traditionalized his mind, colored for him the pure light of nature and rendered him in some measure unfit to feel or express the spirit of American nature and life.
His sojourn in Europe fell exactly in the time when, in England, the reaction against the sentimental atheism of Shelleythe pagan sensitivity of John Keatsand the sublime, Satanic outcastness of Lord Byron was at its height; when, in the Catholic countries, the negative exaggerations of the French Revolution were inducing a counter current of positive faith, which threw men into the arms of a half-sentimental, half-aesthetic medievalism; and when, in Germany, the aristocratic paganism of Goethe was being swept aside by that tide of dutiful, romantic patriotism which flooded the country, as soon as it began to feel that it still existed after being run over by Napoleon 's war chariot.
He returned to America inand remained six years at Bowdoin Collegeduring which he published various textbooks for the study of modern languages. In his twenty-fourth year he married Mary Story Potter, one of his "early loves. In Longfellow was chosen to succeed George Ticknor as professor of modern languages and belles-lettres in Harvard.
On receiving this appointment, he paid a second visit of some fifteen months to Europe, this time devoting special attention to the Scandinavian countries and Switzerland. During this visit he lost his wife, who died at Rotterdam, on the 29th of November On his return to America in DecemberLongfellow took up his residence in Cambridge, and began to lecture at Harvard, and to write.
In his new home he found himself amid surroundings entirely congenial to him. Its spaciousness and free rural aspect, its old graveyards and towering elms, its great university, its cultivated society and its vicinity to humane, substantial, busy Boston, were all attractions for such a man.
In several essays of Longfellow's appeared in the North American Review, and in he published Hyperion: Hyperion, a poetical account of his travels, had, at the time of its publication, an immense popularity, due mainly to its sentimental romanticism. At present few persons would care to read it through, so unnatural and stilted is its language, so thin its material and so consciously mediated its sentiment.
Nevertheless it has a certain historical importance, for two reasons 1 because it marks that period in Longfellow's career when, though he had left nature, he had not yet found art, and 2 because it opened the sluices through which the flood of German sentimental poetry flowed into the United States.
During his return passage across the Atlantic he wrote his Poems on Slaverywith a dedication to Channing. These poems went far to wake in the youth of New England a sense of the great national wrong, and to prepare them for that bitter struggle in which it was wiped out at the expense of the lives of so many of them.
Appleton, himself no mean poet. About the same time he bought, and fixed his residence in, the Craigie House, where he had formerly only been a lodger, an old revolutionary house, built about the beginning of the 18th century, and occupied by General George Washington in This quaint old wooden house, in the midst of a large garden full of splendid elms, continued to be his chief residence until the day of his death.
Of the lectures on Dante which he delivered about this time, James Russell Lowell says: Shortly after the Poems on Slavery, there appeared in a more ambitious work, The Spanish Student, a Play in Three Acts, a kind of sentimental "Morality", without any special merit but good intention.
In those gushing, emotion-craving times it had considerable popularity, and helped to increase the poet's now rapidly widening fame.
A huge collection of translations of foreign poetry edited by him, and entitled The Poets and Poetry of Europe, appeared inand, ina few minor poems -- songs and sonnets -- under the title The Belfry of Bruges.
In he published at Boston the greatest of all his works, Evangeline, a Tale of Acadie. It was, in some degree, an imitation of Goethe's Hermann and Dorothea, and its plot, which was derived from Hawthorne's American Note-Books, is even simpler than that of the German poem, not to say much more touching.
At the violent removal by the British government of a colony of French settlers from Acadie Nova Scotia ina young couple, on the very day of their wedding, were separated and carried in different directions, so that they lost all trace of each other.
The poem describes the wanderings of the bride in search of her lover, and her final discovery of him as an old man on his deathbed, in a public hospital which she had entered as a nurse. Slight as the story is, it is worked out into one of the most affecting poems in the language, and gives to literature one of its most perfect types of womanhood and of "affection that hopes and endures and is patient.And gather in the aftermath.
Not the sweet, new grass with flowers Is this harvesting of ours; Not the upland clover bloom; But the rowen mired with weeds, Tangled tufts from marsh and meads, Where the poppy drops its seeds In the silence and the gloom.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (–) THIS is the forest primeval. The murmuring pines and the hemlocks, Bearded with moss, and in garments green, indistinct in the twilight, Stand like Druids of eld, with voices sad and prophetic, Stand like harpers hoar, with beards that rest on their bosoms.
Aftermath by Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, at grupobittia.com - the best online ebook storage. Download and read online for free Aftermath by Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow was born in Portland, Maine, when it was still part of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
He was educated at Portland Academy and along with his older brother Stephen entered Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine, in , at the age of fifteen. Analysis Aftermath Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Literary Analysis: The Rainy Day by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow - Siddiqui Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s “Rainy Day” uses the themes of lost and renewed hope, youth and grief to show how much our past and future experiences affect our lives and how though we face multiple struggles in life we can overcome them.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (February 27, – March 24, ) was an American teacher and poet. Some of his poems are " Paul Revere's Ride ", The Song of Hiawatha, and Evangeline. He was also the first American to translate Dante Alighieri's The Divine Comedy. .