Groundbreaking approaches to logistics management are being developed in urban centers around the world. There are multiple factors at play that are driving the latest technology innovations, including increased demand, supply chain complexity, longer and shorter supply chains, multi-leg shipments, rapid fire replenishment, final mile, and the overall trend of urbanization.
More to the Story: In perishable logistics, time is of the essence to ensure produce, flowers, fish, and other products reach their Cold chain logistics while they still offer maximum appeal and shelf life. As a result, many of these goods move via air. But the potential complications of shipping perishables via air are legion: The trans-Atlantic airfreight space for a produce shipment is booked—but the peppers aren't ready for harvest.
Top New York chefs are writing premium Icelandic cod into their menus in anticipation of delivery—but the fish is sitting in a fog-induced backlog at the Keflavik airport.
Holland tulips are loaded into the belly of a passenger aircraft—but then the pilot orders several coolers pulled off to free up weight for extra fuel.
The uncertainty inherent in grown or caught product—combined with the potential vagaries of air transport—means managing perishable logistics demands specific expertise.
Perishable logistics is an evolving science, as changing consumption patterns, variable regulation, rising customer expectations, and shifts in services converge to Cold chain logistics a complex and changing supply chain.
Pineapples on Board Perishables shippers use both passenger aircraft and freighters to speed goods to their destinations, according to market needs, the nature of the commodity, product margin, and individual preferences. Passenger flights are generally more frequent, less expensive, and more widely available, but they require adherence to tight timetables, and goods may get bumped at the pilot's discretion.
Freighters offer better temperature control, fewer inspections, and additional capacity, which is particularly valuable for large quantities of short-season goods.
But freighters can be more costly, may fly less often and to fewer locations depending on the regionand may sit until they reach capacity, endangering perishables.
Air cargo has long competed with ocean shipping for some perishables commodities. One common pattern is for the beginning-of-the-season harvest to ship via air so it's first to market, followed by ocean shipping as the full season gets underway, says Markus Fellmann, global vice president of Hellmann Perishable Logisticsa Miami-based unit of third-party logistics 3PL provider Hellmann Worldwide.
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Pineapples and stone fruit, with their long shelf lives, have been shippable via ocean for some time. Today, scientific advances —such as specialized packaging that extends produce lifecycles—are enabling additional commodities to move via steamship.
For example, Chiquita Brands International subsidiary TransFresh Corporation creates controlled-atmosphere containers and techniques that are driving interest in ocean transport for other types of fruit.
Other perishable goods are also more commonly shipped via ocean. Between 30 and 40 percent of the volume of cut flowers from Colombia, and 20 percent of those from Kenya, could move via steamship within five years, according to some estimates.
But, steamship lines' efforts to reduce fuel consumption by traveling more slowly has forced some perishables commodities back to air cargo.
Trips from Holland to New York that once took seven to eight days can now take 12 days on the water. A Fleeting Concern Thanks to increased air cargo volumes for commodities such as flowers, perishables supply chain executives report a slow but steady rise in air cargo use.
But one development with the potential to significantly impact perishables movement is the transition of airline passenger fleets to new, more environmentally friendly models.
Fewer available widebody aircraft threatens to reduce cargo capacity and dimensions, impacting perishables shippers reliant on those routes. Another factor is the ongoing transformation in both product growth and consumption.
In Europe, for example, "domestic production in North America and Latin America is a big challenge and threat to overseas exports from Europe," says van der Pluijm.Your #1 summit in India for logistics, quality and security of temperature sensitive products returns in !
Join us and + participants for the 7th edition, bringing together key . At the 16th Annual Cold Chain Global Forum, we will gather the top pharma supply chain executives and suppliers to address end-to-end supply chain optimization and creating strategies to maintain temperature controlled products, remain compliant with regulatory agencies, optimize transportation routes, increase collaboration through change.
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At the 17th Annual Cold Chain Global Forum, we will gather the top pharma supply chain executives and suppliers to address end-to-end supply chain optimization and creating strategies to maintain temperature controlled products, remain compliant with regulatory agencies, optimize transportation routes, increase collaboration through change management, and implement customer centricity to.
Cold Chain: a network of refrigerators, cold stores, freezers and cold boxes organised and maintained so that vaccines are kept at the right temperature to remain potent during vaccine transportation, storage and distribution from factory to the point of use.