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Kazakh belongs to the Kipchak Northwestern group of Kazakh essay Turkic language family. Kazakh, like most of the Turkic language family lacks phonemic vowel lengthand as such there is no distinction between long and short vowels.
Kazakh was written with the Arabic script during the 19th century, when a number of poets, educated in Islamic schools, incited revolt against Russia.
Bythe Arabic script was reintroduced, even in schools and local government. Ina Kazakh nationalist movement sprang up but was soon suppressed. At the same time the Arabic script was banned and the Latin alphabet was imposed for writing Kazakh.
The native Latin alphabet was in turn replaced by the Cyrillic alphabet in by soviet interventionists. Today, there are efforts to return to the Latin script. Kazakh is a state official language in Kazakhstan. European Kazakhs use the Latin alphabet.
Religion[ edit ] Kazakh bride in traditional wedding dress Ancestors of modern Kazakhs believed in Shamanism and Tengrismthen ZoroastrianismBuddhism and Christianity including Church of the East.
Islam was first introduced to ancestors of modern Kazakhs during the 8th century when the Arab missionaries entered Central Asia. Islam initially took hold in the southern portions of Turkestan and thereafter gradually spread northward. Additionally, in the late 14th century, the Golden Horde propagated Islam amongst the Kazakhs and other tribes.
During the 18th century, Russian influence toward the region rapidly increased throughout Central Asia. Led by Catherinethe Russians initially demonstrated a willingness in allowing Islam to flourish as Muslim clerics were invited into the region to preach to the Kazakhs whom the Russians viewed as "savages" and "ignorant" of morals and ethics.
Some Kazakhs continue to identify with their Islamic faith,  and even more devotedly in the countryside.
Those who claim descent from the original Muslim soldiers and missionaries of the 8th century command substantial respect in their communities.
For example, the Kazakh Foreign Affairs Minister, Marat Tazhinrecently emphasized that Kazakhstan attaches importance to the use of "positive potential Islam, learning of its history, culture and heritage. The Kazakhs believed in the supernatural forces of good and evil spirits, of wood goblins and giants.
To protect themselves from them, as well as from the evil eye, the Kazakhs wore protection beads and talismans. Shamanic beliefs are still widely preserved among the Kazakhs, as well as belief in the strength of the bearers of this worship—the shamans, which the Kazakhs call bakhsy.
In contradistinction to the Siberian shamans, who used drums during their rituals, the Kazakh shamans, who could also be men or women, played with a bow on a stringed instrument similar to a large violin.
At present both Islamic and pre-Islamic beliefs continue to be found among the Kazakhs, especially among the elderly. An analysis of ancient Kazakhs found that East Asian haplogroups such as A and C did not begin to move into the Kazakh steppe region until around the time of the Xiongnu 1st millennia BCEwhich is around the onset of the Sargat Culture as well Lalueza-Fox Kazakh culture essays.
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The ethnicon of “Kazakh” given the name of state is Turkic word. It is generally agreed that it means “free man” Kazakhs were very hardworking nomads and farmers, have had the great fat herd, rich pastures, and fertile lands on sub mountain and vales of rivers.
Potential candidates must pass a three-part test that includes writing an essay, reading a text in Kazakh aloud, and delivering a minute speech. Nazarbaev said recently the number of Kazakh. The Kazakh language has its speakers (mainly Kazakhs) spread over a vast territory from the Tian Shan to the western shore of the Caspian Sea.
Kazakh is the official state language of Kazakhstan, with nearly 10 million speakers Language family: Turkic, Common Turkic, Kipchak, Kipchak–Nogai, Kazakh.