Introduction The goal of Indian education from the s through the s was to assimilate Indian people into the melting pot of America by placing them in institutions where traditional ways could be replaced by those sanctioned by the government.
Coast Salish peoples The Coast Salish are the largest of the southern groups.
They are a loose grouping of many tribes with numerous distinct cultures and languages. Territory claimed by Coast Salish peoples spans from the northern end of the Strait of Georgiaalong the east side of Vancouver Island, covering most of southern Vancouver Island, all of the Lower Mainland and Sunshine Coastall of Puget Sound Northwest essay formerly for the Chemakum territory near Port Townsendand all of the Olympic Peninsula except that of the Quileuterelated to the now-extinct Chemakum.
The Coast Salish cultures differ considerably from those of their northern neighbours. It is one of the few indigenous cultures along the coast with a patrilineal, not matrilineal, culture. They are also one of the few peoples on the coast whose traditional territories coincide with contemporary major metropolitan areas, namely the North Straits Salish -speaking peoples in and around Victoriathe Halkomelem -speaking peoples in and around Vancouverand the Lushootseed -speaking peoples in and around Seattle.
Pre-European contact, the Coast Salish numbered in the tens of thousands, and as such were one of the most populous groups on the northwest coast Main article: Chimakum The Chimakum people were a Chimakuan -speaking people whose traditional territory lay in the area of Port Townsend, Washington.
Beset by warfare from surrounding Salish peoples, their last major presence in the region was eradicated by the Suquamish under Chief Seattle in the midth century.
Some survivors were absorbed by neighbouring Salish peoples, while some moved to join the Quileute on the southeast side of the Northwest essay Peninsula. Their traditional territory is in the western Olympic Peninsula, around the Quillayute and Hoh Rivers.
Willapa people The Willapa are a traditionally Athabaskan -speaking people of southwestern Washington. Their territory was between Willapa Bay named after them and the prairie lands around the head of the Chehalis and Cowlitz Rivers.
Chinookan peoples The Chinookan peoples were once one of the most powerful and populous groups of tribes on the southern part of the Northwest Coast. Their territories flank the mouth of the Columbia River and stretch up that river in a narrow band adjacent to that river, as far as Celilo Falls.
Their group of dialects are known as Chinookan. It is distinguished from the Chinook Jargonwhich was partly based upon it, and is often called "Chinook. The Chinookan peoples practiced slavery, likely learned from the Nuu-chah-nulth as it was more common to the north, and cranial deformation.
Those without flattened heads were considered to be beneath or servile to those who had undergone the procedure as infants. One likely reason for the cultural prominence of the Chinookan peoples was their strategic position along the Columbia Riverwhich acted as a massive trade corridor, as well as near Celilo Fallsthe longest continuously-inhabited site in the Americas, used as a fishing site and trading hub for 15, years by a wide range of indigenous peoples.
The term 'Tillamook' itself is in fact an exonym, from the neighboring Chinook-speaking Kathlamet people. Although the Tillamook language was a Coast Salish language, it was somewhat divergent from its more northerly cousins; likewise, the Tillamook culture was substantially different from that of other Coast Salish cultures, apparently influenced by its southern neighbors.
They, and their southern neighbors, were less reliant on salmon runs and more reliant on fish trapping in estuaries, hunting, and shellfish gathering.
History[ edit ] A Kwakwaka'wakw canoe in A canoe awaiting traditional invitation to make landfall by the local S'Klallam people at a beach in Port Angeles, Washingtonin Canoes from several Coast Salish groups arrived for a ceremony commemorating the official naming of the Salish Sea.
The area referred to as the Northwest Coast has a very long history of human occupation, exceptional linguistic diversity, population density and cultural and ceremonial development.
Noted by anthropologists for its complexity, there is emerging research that the economies of these people were more complex and intensive than was previously assumed.
Many groups have First Generation Stories - family stories that tell of the origin of the group, and often of humans themselves arising in specific locations along the coast. The people who lived in what are today British Columbia, Washington, and Oregon were able to obtain a good living without much effort.
They had time and energy to devote to the development of fine arts and crafts and to religious and social ceremonies. Prior to European colonization, various reports from European explorers describe the tribes in the area bearing signs of smallpox. Nathaniel Portlocka British ship's captain, described as having "expected to have seen a numerous tribe" but instead found "only of three men, three women" as well as the oldest of the men "marked with the small-pox", when referring to the Tlingit people in the North West Coast.Despite the fact that, as Shakespeare said, "the pen is mightier than the sword," the pen itself is not enough to make an effective writer.
In fact, though we may all like to think of ourselves as the next Shakespeare, inspiration alone is not the key to effective essay writing. Native American moccasins were designed for their specific environment. Hard-sole moccasins, usually made from two or more pieces of hide, are often associated with the western plains and deserts areas.
SITE MAP CONTACT PVAMU VISIT US DIRECTORY ABOUT PVAMU REQUEST INFORMATION Physical Address: University Drive, Prairie View, Texas Mailing Address: P.O.
Box - Prairie View, Texas () Native American Indian Masks Tribal masks have been part of the dance regalia and traditional ceremonies of many Native American tribes since ancient times. Kathryn Schulz writes about the Pacific Northwest’s Cascadia fault line, and the region’s inadequate disaster-preparedness plans.
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